Cuba - The Tourist Paradise

Cuba is the largest island in the Archipelago of the Antilles, consisting of nearly 4000 tiny islands and cays. Stand out for its size the island of Cuba itself and the Isle of Youth (Isla de la Juventud). Located at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico, a very advantageous geographical position, it is a crossing point for many sea routes. The country, always washed by the waters of the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean makes the coastline to remain warm and pleasant.

  • Official Name
    Republic of Cuba
  • Area
    110 860 km²
  • Population
    11.2 millions
  • Capital
    La Habana (population: 2.1 millions)
  • Political-Administrative Division
    15 Provinces + 1 Special Municipality
  • Official Language
    Spanish (*)
  • Demonym
    Cuban / Cuban
  • Climate
    Moderate Tropical
  • Warmest Month
    July (30 ºC / 86 ºF)
  • Coldest Month
    Enero (21 ºC / 70 ºF)
  • Average Relative Humidity
    80%
  • Average Air Temperature
    25 ºC / 77 ºF
  • Seasons
    Summer: May - October (Rainy)
    Winter: November - April (Dry)
  • Holidays
    January 1st: Liberation Day. Anniversary of the Triumph of the Revolution (1959)
    May 1st: International Workers Day
    July 26th: National Rebellion Day (together with 25th and July 27th)
    October 10th: Beginning of the Wars of Independence (1868)
    December 25th: Christmas
  • Currency
    Cuban Peso (CUP)
    Convertible Cuban Peso (CUC)
  • Taxes
    Nothing is imposed on Cuba.
    Tipping is completely voluntary and is recommended between 10-15%
  • Timezone
    UTC -5 hours
    UTC -4 hours (Summer)
  • Highest Elevation
    Pico Real del Turquino (1974 m)
  • Longest River
    Río Cauto (370 kms)
  • Electricity
    110 V / 60 Hz (flat 2-prong plugs receptacles)
    220 V / 60 Hz (at some hotels)

(*) English, German, Italian and French are spoken to a lesser extent in some tourist and urban areas. Nor is it unusual to find some Cubans who speak Russian, Czech, Bulgarian and other languages of Eastern Europe.