Artemisa is one of two new provinces in Cuba, which creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly in August 1st, 2010 by splitting former La Habana Province and were enforced in January 1st, 2011. The newly formed province comprises the 8 western municipalities of La Habana, and incorporates 3 eastern municipalities from the neighbour Pinar del Río province (Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal). The capital is Artemisa, the largest city and municipality of the former La Habana province.
The economy of the Artemisa province is based mainly on agriculture (fruits, potatoes, rice, vegetables, sugar cane) and industry of building materials (two cement factories), food processing industry and power plants. It comprises the important port of Mariel in the northern coast.
The main tourist attractions are located in Sierra del Rosario, particularly the Natural Park of Soroa and the Orchid Botanical Garden and the area declared as a Biosphere Reserve (Community and Tourist Complex Las Terrazas). It is also an attraction the Ariguanabo river in San Antonio de los Baños and some north coast beaches like Baracoa in Bauta, Herradura in Mariel and San Pedro in Bahia Honda.
Traveling further west and leaving behind the capital of Cuba, you will enter another highly important beach resort for the province: El Salado, located little more than 30 kilometers away from the José Martí International Airport and with a very private beach protected by a Coral Reef, which enables the existence of excellent conditions for the practice Scuba Diving.
It is very easy to go form there to Artemisa, where an area of managed resources under the name Rancho Azucarero and the ruins of the famous Coffee Plantation La Angerona deserve the attention of visitors. Inland, the nascent province has many other attractions, among which are: the only Museum of Humor of the Island, traditional venue of all the International Biennials of Humor.
Steep sectors, a rich and a very well preserved sea bottom and the existence of enjoyable views are some of the other of the attributes which, with the exuberant vegetation surrounding its environment, enhance the tourism values of the area.