Mayabeque is one of two new provinces in Cuba, which creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly in August 1st, 2010 by splitting former La Habana Province and were enforced in January 1st, 2011. Mayabeque comprises the 11 eastern municipalities of the former La Habana province with the capital in San José de las Lajas. Mayabeque province takes its name from the Mayabeque river (the largest in this territory) as well as, from the Mayabeque beach, in the south shore, the place in which is believed the original Havana village (San Cristóbal de La Habana) was founded in 1514.
Mayabeque's economy is based on Agriculture (potatoes, fruits, vegetables, sugar cane) and livestock farming, particularly milk production. It has also a relevant industry sector, mainly in San José de las Lajas and Santa Cruz del Norte (building materials, electrical cables, rubber industry, glass vessels and ceramics, food processing, paper processing, sugar mills, two large rum factories (Havana Club brand), biopharmaceuticals, fishing products, power plants and oil and gas extraction. It has also important scientific institutions and university in the field of agricultural science.
Puerto Escondido and El Peñón del Fraile provide visitors with the opportunity of enjoying a wonderful marine landscape and, at the same time, experience the presence of several oil wells for the extraction of oil and gas, an increasingly important activity for the economy of Mayabeque.
Jibacoa, a tourism resort located to the northeast of Havana, has always attracted locals and foreigners because of the excellent quality of its beaches of warm and quiet waters, surrounded by mountains up to 100 meters high all along the coast that give to this place and incomparable feeling of privacy.
The beaches on the south coast are characterized by been of muddy type waters and shallow Playita de Batabanó, Playa Mayabeque, Playa El Rosario, Playa del Caimito are some of the enjoyment of the southern areas of the province. Mayabeque River has its main outlet in Mayabeque beach which is an attraction for visitors to this site, its waters are cold and sometimes turn reddish color due to red mangrove vegetation found in the river.
On the way to Havana, in the town of Santa Cruz del Norte, you will see the largest plant in Latin America for the production of Rum, whose warehouses assist the birth of the famous Havana Club Rum. There are, on the waterside of this small town, several camping sites allowing further opportunities to enjoy, in inexpensive facilities, the beaches of Mayabeque.
Escaleras de Jaruco, with a particular landscape resulting from the topography of the area. The existence of several cliffs and caves turned it into a good scenario for the practice of adventure tourism and speleotourism.
On the south coast, the anchorage of Batabanó (port that controls maritime communication with the Isle of Youth) offers the opportunity of getting acquainted with one of the most important sea sponges reserves of the Cuban archipelago, and an important center for the capture of chelonian and crustaceous species.